By colposcopy we mean the procedure according to which the observation of the cervix, vagina and vulva of the woman is performed. Colposcopy is a non-invasive diagnostic procedure and is performed by a specialized gynecologist. It is a safe method, without serious complications.

In which cases is colposcopy applied?

The doctor may suggest colposcopy on a pathological Pap test, i.e. in cases where pathological changes are detected. Such cases are:

  • Warts
  • Inflammations
  • Cellular changes in the cervix, vagina or vulva

What precedes colposcopy?

In order for colposcopy to be performed, the woman should have made a little preparation according to the doctor's advice. This preparation includes not having had sex in the last two days and not using tampons. Of course, colposcopy requires that the woman is out of her period days.

How is colposcopy performed?

Colposcopy is performed in a special area within the clinic and lasts a few minutes. The woman is in a gynecological position and the doctor informs her about the procedure to follow. Initially, the gynecologist applies a speculum and then uses a special machine, the colposcope. The colposcope provides clear, bright illumination and high magnification. With its help, the doctor has the ability to observe with greater clarity any lesions of the cervix, vagina and vulva.

After removing mucus and other normal secretions, additional solutions such as acetic acid and Lugol are used. These also help to identify lesions more easily.


Colposcopy is a non-invasive diagnostic procedure and is performed by a specialized gynecologist.

A painless procedure

Colposcopy is a painless procedure. In rare cases, some women feel a slight discomfort after using the solutions, which subsides immediately. If the woman has simply undergone a diagnostic colposcopy, leaving the office, she can continue the rest of the day normally without problems.

 What happens if pathological findings occur?

If the gynecologist considers that there are colposcopic findings, he is given the opportunity to take biopsies from the suspicious areas. In case biopsies have been taken, the woman may notice for the next few days some blood and scaphoid secretions.

The Gynecologist – Obstetrician Dr. Papanikolaou Athanasios has proven many years of experience in the treatment of gynecological diseases. He is a member of the Hellenic Colposcopy Society and a certified physician for colposcopy. The doctor emphasizes the importance of correct and timely diagnosis in order to immediately treat diseases.

Do not hesitate to contact him for anything that concerns you.


Athanasios G. Papanikolaou
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Athanasios Papanikolaou

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